Saturday, August 31, 2019
Facebook has come to be probably the most commonly used social networking site, nearly half of FacebookÃ¢â¬â¢s users view their profiles every day. Some of the users spend an unreasonable amount of their time on Facebook, whiling the hours away unnoticed, while chores to go unfinished, and even going to the extent of ignoring family and friends in the real world. Although a majority of the hundreds of millions of people use Facebook as a social networking device, it has several of negative impacts such as social isolation, communication problems, and health problems which profoundly impact the lives of the users. While Facebook addiction disorder or Facebook addiction are not medically accepted terms, the actuality of addictive behavior on Facebook is a mounting concern for scores of Facebook users, and one that psychoanalysts are seeing more regularly in their patients. According to Fenichel, if you have found that sharing, connecting and learning through Facebook has replaced all avenues of learning and communicating and in your life, it is a possibility that you have Facebook addiction Disorder. There are a variety of ways which can be used to fight Facebook addiction. Citation proposed that an addict should: Understand the symptoms of Facebook addiction and assert that it is necessary to make changes, re-examine your priorities, spend more time with family and friends to keep your mind off the computer, look for another outlet in life or learn new things, limit the amount of time spent checking your account, instead of using Facebook to communicate with your friends, send them text messages or call them so as to reduce the time spent online, and lastly seek professional help (Fenichel). Facebook as a new phenomenon is here to stay, however, as this paper has shown, a lot of care needs to be taken in the use of it in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday lives. Facebook has negative effects on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life which cannot be taken lightly. This paper has also shown that although Facebook addiction is a serious matter. However, it is not all doom and gloom as there are viable remedies which can be employed in order to overcome Facebook addiction.
Friday, August 30, 2019
Elena couldn't have been out for more than a few seconds. When she came to, everything was the same Ã¢â¬â although she wondered how she hadn't lethal y cut her own throat on the knife. She knew that the tray with the dishes and cup had gone flying into the darkness in that first instant when she couldn't help flinging out her arms. But now she recognized the grip, she recognized the scent, and she understood the reason for the knife. And she was glad that she did, because she was about as proud of fainting as Sage would have been of doing it. She wasn't a fainter! Now she wil ed herself to sag in Damon's arms, except for where the knife was. To show him that she was no threat. Ã¢â¬Å"Hel o, princess,Ã¢â¬ a voice like black velvet said into her ear. Elena felt an inner shiver Ã¢â¬â but not of fear. No, it was more as if her insides were melting. But he didn't change his grasp on her. Ã¢â¬Å"DamonÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ she said huskily, Ã¢â¬Å"I'm here to help you. Please let me. For your sake.Ã¢â¬ As abruptly as it had come, the iron grip was withdrawn from her waist. The knife stopped pressing into her flesh, although the sharp, stinging feeling at her throat was quite enough to remind her that Damon would have it ready. Substitute fangs. There was a click, and suddenly the room was too bright. Slowly, Elena turned to look at Damon. And even now, even when he was pale and rumpled and haggard from not eating, he was so gorgeous that her heart seemed to plummet into darkness. His black hair, fal ing every which way over his forehead; his perfect, carven features; his arrogant, sensual mouth Ã¢â¬â right now compressed into a brooding lineÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"Where is it, Elena?Ã¢â¬ he asked briefly. Not what. Where. He knew she wasn't stupid, and, of course, he knew the humans in the boardinghouse were hiding the star bal from him deliberately. Ã¢â¬Å"Is that al you have to say to me?Ã¢â¬ Elena whispered. She saw the helpless softening in his eyes, and he took one step toward her as if he couldn't help himself, but the next instant he looked grim. Ã¢â¬Å"Tel me, and then maybe I'l have more.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ ¦see. Wel , then, we made a system, two days ago,Ã¢â¬ Elena said quietly. Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone draws lots for it. Then the person who gets the paper with the X takes it from the center of the kitchen table and everyone goes to their rooms and stays there until the person with the star bal hides it. I didn't get the lot today, so I don't know where it is. But you can try to Ã¢â¬â test me.Ã¢â¬ Elena could feel her body cringing as she said the last words, feeling soft and helpless and easily hurt. Damon reached over and slowly slipped a hand beneath her hair. He could slam her head against a wal , or throw her across the room. He could simply squeeze her neck between knife and hand until her head fel off. Elena knew that he was in the mood to take out his emotions on a human, but she did nothing. Said nothing. Just stood and looked into her eyes. Slowly, Damon bent toward her and brushed his lips Ã¢â¬â so softly Ã¢â¬â against hers. Elena's eyes drifted shut. But the next moment Damon winced and slid the hand back out of her hair. That was when Elena gave another thought as to what must have become of the food she had been bringing to him. Near-scalding coffee seemed to have splashed her hand and arm and soaked her jeans on one thigh. The cup and saucer were laying in pieces on the floor. The tray and the cookies had bounced off behind a chair. The plate of steak tartar, however, had miraculously landed on the couch, right side up. There was miscel aneous cutlery everywhere. Elena felt her head and shoulders droop in fear and pain. That was her immediate universe right now Ã¢â¬â fear and pain. Overwhelming her. She wasn't usual y a crier, but she couldn't help the tears that fil ed her eyes. Damn! Damon thought. It was her. Elena. He'd been so certain an adversary was spying on him, that one of his many enemies had tracked him down and was setting a trapÃ¢â¬ ¦someone who had discovered that he was as weak as a child now. It hadn't even occurred to him that it might be her, until he was holding her soft body with one arm, and smel ing the perfume of her hair as he held an ice-slick blade to her throat with the other. And then he'd snapped on a light and saw what he had already guessed. Unbelievable! He hadn't recognized her. He had been outside in the garden when he'd seen the door to the storage room standing open and had known that there was an intruder. But with his senses degraded as they were he hadn't been able to tel who was inside. No excuses could cover up the facts. He had hurt and terrified Elena. He had hurt her. And instead of apologizing he had tried to force the truth out of her for his own selfish desires. And now, her throatÃ¢â¬ ¦ His eyes were drawn to the thin line of red droplets on Elena's throat where the knife had cut her when she'd jerked in fear before col apsing right onto it. Had she fainted? She could have died right then, in his arms, if he hadn't been fast enough in whipping the knife away. He kept tel ing himself that he wasn't afraid of her. That he was just holding the knife absentmindedly. He wasn't convinced. Ã¢â¬Å"I was outside. You know how we humans can't see?Ã¢â¬ he said, knowing he sounded indifferent, unrepentant. Ã¢â¬Å"It's like being wrapped in cotton al the time, Elena: We can't see, can't smel , can't hear. My reflexes are like a tortoise's, and I'm starving.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then why don't you try my blood?Ã¢â¬ Elena asked, sounding unexpectedly calm. Ã¢â¬Å"I can't,Ã¢â¬ Damon said, trying not to eye the dainty ruby necklace flowing down Elena's slim white throat. Ã¢â¬Å"I already cut myself,Ã¢â¬ Elena said, and Damon thought, Cut herself? Ye gods, the girl was priceless. As if she'd had a little kitchen accident. Ã¢â¬Å"So we might as wel see what human blood tastes like to you now,Ã¢â¬ Elena said. Ã¢â¬Å"No.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You know that you're going to. I know you know. But we don't have much time. My blood won't flow forever. Oh, Damon Ã¢â¬â after everythingÃ¢â¬ ¦just last week Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" He was looking at her too long, he knew. Not just at the blood. At the glorious golden beauty of her, as if the child of a sunbeam and a moonbeam had entered his room and was harmlessly bathing him in light. With a hiss, narrowing his eyes, Damon took hold of Elena's arms. He expected an automatic recoil like the one when he'd grabbed her from behind. But there was no movement backward. Instead there was something like the leap of an eager flame in those wide malachite eyes. Elena's lips parted involuntarily. He knew it was involuntarily. He'd had many years to study young women's responses. He knew what it meant when her gaze went first to his lips before lifting to his eyes. I can't kiss her again. I can't. It's a human weakness, the way she affects me. She doesn't realize what it is to be so young and so impossibly beautiful. She's going to learn someday. In fact, I might accidental y teach her now. As if she could hear him, Elena shut her eyes. She let her head fal back and suddenly Damon found himself half-supporting her weight. She was surrendering al thought of herself, showing him that despite everything she stil trusted him, stil Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦stil loved him. Damon himself didn't know what he was going to do as he bent toward her. He was starving. It tore at him like a wolf's claws, the hunger. It made him feel dazed and dizzy and out of control. Half a thousand years had left him believing that the only thing that would relieve the starvation was the crimson fountain of a cut artery. Some dark voice that might have come from the Infernal Court itself whispered that he could do what some vampires did, ripping a throat like a werewolf. Warm flesh might ease the starvation of a human. What would he do, so close to Elena's lips, so close to her bleeding throat? Two tears slipped from under the dark lashes and slid a little way down her face before dropping into golden hair. Damon found himself tasting one before he could think. Stil a maiden. Wel , that was to be expected; Stefan was too weak to stand yet. But on top of the cynical thought came an image, and just a few words: a spirit as pure as driven snow. He suddenly knew a different hunger, a different thirst. The only place to ease this need was close by. Desperately, urgently, he sought and found Elena's lips. And then he found himself losing al control. What he needed most was here, and Elena might tremble, but she didn't push him away. This close, he was bathed in an aura as golden as the hair he was touching gently at the ends. He was pleased himself when she shivered in pleasure, and he realized that he could sense her thoughts. She was a strong projector, and his telepathy was the only Power left to him. He had no idea why he stil had it, but he did. And right now he wanted to tune into Elena. The wench! She wasn't thinking at al ! Elena had been offering her throat, truly surrendering herself, abandoning al thought but that she wanted to aid him, that his wishes were hers. And now she was too deeply enmeshed in the kiss to even make plans Ã¢â¬â which was extraordinary for her. She's in love with you, the tiny part of him that could stil think said. She's never said so! She's in love with Stefan! something visceral answered. She doesn't have to say it. She's showing it. Don't pretend you haven't seen it before! But Stefan Ã¢â¬â ! Is she thinking about Stefan in the slightest right now? She opened her arms to the wolf-hunger in you. This is no one-day stand, no quick meal, not even a steady donor. This is Elena herself. Then I've taken advantage of her. If she's in love, she can't protect herself. She's stil a child. I have to do something. The kisses had now gotten to the point that even the tiny voice of reason was fading. Elena had lost her ability to stand. He was either going to have to put her down somewhere, or give her a chance to back out. Elena! Elena! Damn it, I know you can hear me. Answer! Damon? Ã¢â¬â faintly. Oh, Damon, now do you understand Ã¢â¬â ? Too well, my princess. I Influenced you, so I should know. YouÃ¢â¬ ¦? No, you're lying! Why should I lie? For some reason my telepathy is as strong as ever. I still want what I want. But you might want to think a minute, maiden. I don't need to drink your blood. I'm human and right now I'm ravenous. But not for that mess of bloody hamburger you brought me. Elena broke away from him. Damon let her go. Ã¢â¬Å"I think you're lying,Ã¢â¬ she said, meeting his eyes directly, her mouth kiss-swol en. Damon locked the sight of her inside the boulder ful of secrets he dragged around with him. He gave her his best opaque ebony stare. Ã¢â¬Å"Why should I lie?Ã¢â¬ he repeated. Ã¢â¬Å"I just thought you deserved a chance to make your own choice. Or have you already decided to abandon little brother while he's out of commission?Ã¢â¬ Elena's hand flashed up, but then she dropped it. Ã¢â¬Å"You used Influence on me,Ã¢â¬ she said bitterly. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm not myself. I would never abandon Stefan Ã¢â¬â especial y when he needs me.Ã¢â¬ There it was, the essential fire at her core, and the fiery golden truth. Now he could sit and let bitterness gnaw at him, while this pure spirit fol owed her conscience. He was thinking this, already feeling the loss of her dazzling light receding when he realized he no longer had the knife. An instant later, horror just catching up with his hand, he was snatching it from her throat. His telepathic blast was entirely reflexive: What in Hell are you doing? Killing yourself because of what I said? This blade is like a razor! Elena faltered. Ã¢â¬Å"I was just making a nick Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You almost made a nick that spurted six feet high!Ã¢â¬ At least he was able to speak again, despite the constriction of his throat. Elena was back on stable ground too. Ã¢â¬Å"I told you I knew you knew you'd have to try blood before you'l try to eat. It feels as if it's flowing down my neck again. This time, let's not waste it.Ã¢â¬ She was only tel ing the truth. At least she hadn't seriously hurt herself. He could see that fresh blood was flowing from the new cut she'd so recklessly made. To waste it would be idiotic. Utterly dispassionate now, Damon took her again by the shoulders. He tilted up her chin to look at her soft, rounded throat. Several new ruby cuts were flowing freely. Half a mil ennium of instinct told Damon that just there was nectar and ambrosia. Just there was sustenance and rest and euphoria. Just here where his lips were as he bent to her a second timeÃ¢â¬ ¦and he had only to taste it Ã¢â¬â to drinkÃ¢â¬ ¦ Damon reared back, trying to force himself to swal ow, determined not to spit. It wasn'tÃ¢â¬ ¦it wasn't utterly revolting. He could see how humans, with their degraded senses, could make use of the animal varieties. But this coagulating, mineral-tasting stuff wasn't bloodÃ¢â¬ ¦ it had none of the perfumed bouquet, the heady richness, the sweet, velvety, provocative, life-giving, ineffable attributes of blood. It was like some sort of bad joke. He was tempted to bite Elena, just to skim a canine over the common carotid, making a tiny scratch, so he could taste the little burst that would explode onto his palate, to compare, to make sure that the real stuff wasn't in there somehow. In fact he was more than tempted; he was doing it. But no blood was coming. His mind paused in midthought. He'd made a scratch al right a scratch like a scuff. It hadn't even broken the outer layer of Elena's skin. Blunt teeth. Damon found himself pressing on a canine with his tongue, wil ing it to extend, wil ing it with al his cramped and frustrated soul to sharpen. AndÃ¢â¬ ¦nothing. Nothing. But then, he'd spent al day doing the same thing. Miserably, he let Elena's head turn back. Ã¢â¬Å"That's it?Ã¢â¬ she said shakily. She was trying so hard to be brave with him! Poor doomed white soul with her demon lover. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon, you can try again,Ã¢â¬ she told him. Ã¢â¬Å"You can bite harder.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It's no good,Ã¢â¬ he snapped. Ã¢â¬Å"You're useless Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Elena almost slid to the floor. He kept her upright while snarling in her ear, Ã¢â¬Å"You know what I meant by that. Or would you prefer to be my dinner rather than my princess?Ã¢â¬ Elena simply shook her head mutely. She rested in the circle of his arms, her head against his shoulder. Little wonder that she needed rest after al he'd put her through. But as for how she found his shoulder a comfortÃ¢â¬ ¦wel , that was beyond him. Sage! Damon sent the furious thought out on al the frequencies he could access, just as he had been doing al day. If only he could find Sage, al his problems would be solved. Sage, he demanded, where are you? No answer. For al Damon knew, Sage had managed to operate the Gateway to the Dark Dimension that was even now standing, powerless and useless, in Mrs. Flowers's garden. Stranding Damon here. Sage was always that blindingly fast when he took off. And why had he taken off? Imperial Summons? Sometimes Sage got them. From the Fal en One, who lived in the Infernal Court, at the lowest of the Dark Dimensions. And when Sage did get them, he was expected to be in that dimension instantly, in mid-word, in mid-caress, in mid Ã¢â¬â whatever. So far Sage had always made the deadline, Damon knew that. He knew it because Sage was stil alive. On the afternoon of Damon's catastrophic bouquet investigation Sage had left on the mantel a polite note thanking Mrs. Flowers for her hospitality, and even leaving his gigantic dog, Saber, and his falcon, Talon, for the protection of the household Ã¢â¬â a note doubtlessly pre-prepared. He had gone the way he always did, as unpredictably as the wind, and without saying good-bye. Undoubtedly he'd thought that Damon would find his way out of the problem easily. There were a number of vampires in Fel Ã¢â¬Ës Church. There always were. The ley lines of sheer Power in the ground drew them even in normal times. The problem was that just now al those vampires were infested with malach Ã¢â¬â parasites control ed by the evil fox-spirits. They couldn't be lower in the vampire hierarchy. And of course Stefan was a complete nonstarter. Even if he hadn't been so weak that trying to change Damon into a vampire would have kil ed him; even if his anger over Damon's Ã¢â¬Å"stealing his humanityÃ¢â¬ could be assuaged, he would simply never have agreed, out of his feeling that vampirism was a curse. Humans never knew about things like the vampire hierarchy because the subjects didn't concern them Ã¢â¬â until suddenly, they did, usual y because they had just been changed into a vampire themselves. The hierarchy of vampires was strict, from the useless and ignoble to the fanged aristocracy. Old Ones fit in that category, but so did others who were particularly il ustrious or powerful. What Damon wanted was to be made a vampire by the kind of women Sage knew, and he was determined to have Sage find him a vampire lady of quality, one who was real y worthy of him. Other things tormented Damon, who had spent two entire sleepless days pondering them. Was it possible that the white kitsune who had given Stefan the bouquet had engineered a rose that turned the first person to smel it permanently human? That would have been Stefan's greatest dream. The white fox had listened to days upon days of Stefan's ramblings, hadn't he? He'd seen Elena weeping over Stefan. He'd seen the two lovebirds together, Elena hand-feeding a dying Stefan her blood through razor wire. Fortune only knew what ideas that fox had gotten into his furry white head when he'd prepared the rose that had Ã¢â¬Å"curedÃ¢â¬ Damon of his Ã¢â¬Å"curse.Ã¢â¬ If it turned out to be an irreversible Ã¢â¬Å"cureÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¦ If Sage turned out to be unreachableÃ¢â¬ ¦ It suddenly broke into Damon's thoughts that Elena was cold. It was strange, since the night was warm, but she was shivering violently. She needed his jacket orÃ¢â¬ ¦ She's not cold, the smal voice somewhere deep inside him said. And she's not shivering. She's trembling because of al you've put her through. Elena? You forgot all about me. You were holding me, but you completely forgot my existenceÃ¢â¬ ¦ If only, he thought bitterly. You're branded on my soul. Damon was suddenly furious, but it was different from his anger at kitsune and Sage and the world. It was the kind of anger that made his throat close and his chest feel too tight. It was an anger that made him pick up Elena's scalded hand, which was rapidly turning scarlet in patches, and examine it. He knew what he would have done as a vampire: stroked over the burns with a silky cool tongue, generating chemicals to accelerate the healing. And nowÃ¢â¬ ¦there was nothing he could do about it. Ã¢â¬Å"It doesn't hurt,Ã¢â¬ Elena said. She was able to stand now. Ã¢â¬Å"You're lying, princess,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"The insides of your eyebrows are up. That's pain. And your pulse is jumping Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You can sense that without touching me?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I can see it, at your temples. Vampires,Ã¢â¬ with vicious emphasis on what he stil was, in essence, Ã¢â¬Å"notice things like that. I made you hurt yourself. And I can't do anything to help. AlsoÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â he shrugged Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"you're a beautiful liar. About the star bal , I mean.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You can always sense when I'm lying?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Angel,Ã¢â¬ he said wearily, Ã¢â¬Å"it's easy. You are either the lucky holder of the star bal todayÃ¢â¬ ¦or you know who is.Ã¢â¬ Again, Elena's head drooped in consternation. Ã¢â¬Å"Or else,Ã¢â¬ Damon said lightly, Ã¢â¬Å"the entire story of the drawing of the lots was a lie.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Think what you like,Ã¢â¬ Elena said, with at least some of her usual fire. Ã¢â¬Å"And you can clean up this mess, too.Ã¢â¬ Just as she turned to leave, Damon had a revelation. Ã¢â¬Å"Mrs. Flowers!Ã¢â¬ he exclaimed. Ã¢â¬Å"Wrong,Ã¢â¬ Elena snapped. Elena, I wasn't talking about the star ball. I give you my word on this. You know how hard it is to lie telepathically Ã¢â¬â Yes, and I know that therefore, if there's one thing in the world you'dÃ¢â¬ ¦practiceÃ¢â¬ ¦atÃ¢â¬ ¦ She couldn't finish. She couldn't make the speech. Elena knew how much Damon's word meant to him. I'll never tell you where it is, she sent telepathical y to Damon. And I swear to you that Mrs. Flowers won't either. Ã¢â¬Å"I believe you, but we're stil going to see her.Ã¢â¬ He picked Elena up easily and stepped over the smashed cup and saucer. Elena automatical y grabbed his neck with both hands to balance herself. Ã¢â¬Å"Darling, what are you doing Ã¢â¬â ?Ã¢â¬ Elena cried, then stopped, wide-eyed, two scalded fingers flying to her lips. Standing in the doorway, not two yards away from them, was petite Bonnie McCul ough, a bottle of Black Magic wine, nonalcoholic but mystical y exhilarating, held high in her hand. But as Elena watched, Bonnie's expression changed al in an instant. It had been triumphant joy. But now it was shock. It was disbelief that couldn't hold. Elena knew exactly what she was thinking. The whole house had devoted itself to making Damon comfortable Ã¢â¬â while Damon stole what rightful y belonged to Stefan: Elena. Plus he'd lied about not being a vampire anymore. And Elena wasn't even fighting him off. She was cal ing him Ã¢â¬Å"darlingÃ¢â¬ ! Bonnie dropped the bottle and turned, running.
Thursday, August 29, 2019
A Creative Essay about Love There was a woman who was beautiful, who started with all the advantages, yet she had no luck. She married for love, and the love turned to dust. She had bonny children, yet she felt they had been thrust upon her, and she could not love them. They looked at her coldly, as if they were finding fault with her. And hurriedly she felt she must cover up some fault in herself. Yet what it was that she must cover up she never knew. Nevertheless, when her children were present, she always felt the centre of her heart go hard. This troubled her, and in her manner she was all the more gentle and anxious for her children, as if she loved them very much. Only she herself knew that at the centre of her heart was a hard little place that could not feel love, no, not for anybody. Everybody else said of her: She is such a good mother. She adores her children. Only she herself, and her children themselves, knew it was not so. They read it in each others eyes. There were a boy and two little girls. They lived in a pleasant house, with a garden, and they had discreet servants, and felt themselves superior to anyone in the neighbourhood. Although they lived in style, they felt always an anxiety in the house. There was never enough money. The mother had a small income, and the father had a small income, but not nearly enough for the social position which they had to keep up. The father went into town to some office. But though he had good prospects, these prospects never materialised. There was always the grinding sense of the shortage of money, though the style was always kept up. At last the mother said: I will see if I cant make something. But she did not know where to begin. She racked her brains, and tried this thing and the other, but could not find anything successful. The failure made deep lines come into her face. Her children were growing up, they would have to go to school. There must be more money, there must be more money. The father, who was always very handsome and expensive in his tastes, seemed as if he never would be able to do anything worth doing. And the mother, who had a great belief in herself, did not succeed any better, and her tastes were just as expensive. And so the house came to be haunted by the unspoken phrase: There must be more money! There must be more money! The children could hear it all the time though nobody said it aloud. They heard it at Christmas, when the expensive and splendid toys filled the nursery. Behind the shining modern rocking-horse, behind the smart dolls house, a voice would start whispering: There must be more money! There must be more money! And the children would stop playing, to listen for a moment. They would look into each others eyes, to see if they had all heard. And each one saw in the eyes of the other two that they too had heard. There must be more money! There must be more money! It came whispering from the springs of the still-swaying rocking-horse, and even the horse, bending his wooden, champing head, heard it. The big doll, sitting so pink and smirking in her new pram, could hear it quite plainly, and seemed to be smirking all the more self-consciously because of it. The foolish puppy, too, that took the place of the teddy-bear, he was looking so extraordinarily foolish for no other reason but that he heard the secret whisper all over the house: There must be more money! Yet nobody ever said it aloud. The whisper was everywhere, and therefore no one spoke it. Just as no one ever says: We are breathing! in spite of the fact that breath is coming and going all the time. Mother, said the boy Paul one day, why dont we keep a car of our own? Why do we always use uncles, or else a taxi? Because were the poor members of the family, said the mother. But why are we, mother? Well I suppose, she said slowly and bitterly, its because your father has no luck. The boy was silent for some time. Is luck money, mother? he asked, rather timidly. No, Paul. Not quite. Its what causes you to have money. Oh! said Paul vaguely. I thought when Uncle Oscar said filthy lucker, it meant money. Filthy lucre does mean money, said the mother. But its lucre, not luck. Oh! said the boy. Then what is luck, mother? Its what causes you to have money. If youre lucky you have money. Thats why its better to be born lucky than rich. If youre rich, you may lose your money. But if youre lucky, you will always get more money. Oh! Will you? And is father not lucky? Very unlucky, I should say, she said bitterly. The boy watched her with unsure eyes. Why? he asked. I dont know. Nobody ever knows why one person is lucky and another unlucky. Dont they? Nobody at all? Does nobody know? Perhaps God. But He never tells. He ought to, then. And arent you lucky either, mother? I cant be, it I married an unlucky husband. But by yourself, arent you? I used to think I was, before I married. Now I think I am very unlucky indeed. Why? Well never mind! Perhaps Im not really, she said. The child looked at her to see if she meant it. But he saw, by the lines of her mouth, that she was only trying to hide something from him. Well, anyhow, he said stoutly, Im a lucky person. Why? said his mother, with a sudden laugh. He stared at her. He didnt even know why he had said it. God told me, he asserted, brazening it out. I hope He did, dear!, she said, again with a laugh, but rather bitter. He did, mother! Excellent! said the mother, using one of her husbands exclamations. The boy saw she did not believe him; or rather, that she paid no attention to his assertion. This angered him somewhere, and made him want to compel her attention. He went off by himself, vaguely, in a childish way, seeking for the clue to luck. Absorbed, taking no heed of other people, he went about with a sort of stealth, seeking inwardly for luck. He wanted luck, he wanted it, he wanted it. When the two girls were playing dolls in the nursery, he would sit on his big rocking-horse, charging madly into space, with a frenzy that made the little girls peer at him uneasily. Wildly the horse careered, the waving dark hair of the boy tossed, his eyes had a strange glare in them. The little girls dared not speak to him. When he had ridden to the end of his mad little journey, he climbed down and stood in front of his rocking-horse, staring fixedly into its lowered face. Its red mouth was slightly open, its big eye was wide and glassy-bright. Now! he would silently command the snorting steed. Now take me to where there is luck! Now take me! And he would slash the horse on the neck with the little whip he had asked Uncle Oscar for. He knew the horse could take him to where there was luck, if only he forced it. So he would mount again and start on his furious ride, hoping at last to get there. Youll break your horse, Paul! said the nurse. Hes always riding like that! I wish hed leave off! said his elder sister Joan. But he only glared down on them in silence. Nurse gave him up. She could make nothing of him. Anyhow, he was growing beyond her.
Wednesday, August 28, 2019
Project Management Assignment - Coursework Example 60 days are required to finish the project. Theoretical smallest maximum number : 632/60 = 10.53 ~ 11. The critical path is B Ã¢â¬â D Ã¢â¬â H Ã¢â¬â K Ã¢â¬â L. This number is not practical without the interference of the critical path as all activities on the critical path apart from L on a slight note, are dependent on other activities and some overlap with other activities that demand human resource too. An imbalance would alter the duration of some dependencies thus directly affecting the critical path. However, with the more human resource, the implementation would have been viable and would have been implemented to in fact reduce the duration with a condition that the activities were done only in succession. The practical maximum number could thus be 10 while the practical minimum would be 2 as provided by the initial schedule. The critical path is through B, D, H, K, and L. this totals to 38 days. To maintain a maximum number of 14 humans at a time without interfering with the critical path duration in the schedule, we have to increase the duration of activity B to 10 days and reduce the human resource to 3. We then increase the duration of C to 21 days and reduce humans in the same activity to 2 humans. Finally, we reduce the duration of activity K by increasing human resource by 2 to 8. These changes ensure that at any particular time, including overlapping dependencies, the number of human resources is maintained by 14 humans. The schedule is redrafted in the above-drawn table.
Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Rhetorical criticism using Ernest bormann's Fantasy theme approach and Neo-Aristotelian approach on Barack Obama's first Inaugural Address - Essay Example However, many Americans questioned his ability to lead with enough background and skills to address these concerns. This thesis examines the president 2009 inaugural address. The analysis of this speech shows how the president rhetorically managed to alleviate the concern of the USAÃ¢â¬â¢s people. And, in what manner he was rhetorically able to convince Americans that he is the right person to led the nation to the right direction through this difficult times. First, present and explains the chosen theories within classical rhetoric and the genre of the address. He then uses the selected theories to analyze the ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s inaugural address. The writer then makes assessment and discussion of the thesis statement from this analysis. The thesis has Ernest Bormanns Fantasy theme approach and Neo-Aristotelian approach to determine the type of speech, the usage and appeal form used. By utilizing this approach, it was possible to deduce whether ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s inaugural speech was rhetoric. The ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s rhetoric inaugural address has its own genre. Themes such as reconciliation, renewal, and national unity are an example of what is crucial in the American political discourse of inaugural addresses. In most of the cases, the writer quotes examples from the past to unify the nation and show the people of the America how goal can be achieved, and issues dwelt with. Inaugural addresses always contain three key themes; ability to rediscover the united state of America, emphasis on what it mean to be an American citizen and to show people that it is time for a new beginning. Inaugural address is supposed to be non-partisan and unifying. They should make people feel that if they come together they can achieve more (Fafner, 1998). Most of the Americans have a major concern about domestic and international issue. With the election of a new president, people want to feel that the needed reforms are steered for the
Monday, August 26, 2019
Updated Annotated Bibliography - Essay Example ed data, including the additional bibliographic information, purpose of work, critique, and worth of the presented information, are provided in this work. Each source is catalogued in APA format by authors, year of publication, title of work, location, and publisher. The paper makes use of various sources like published research materials and Internet articles. Badur, G. (2003). International students perspectives on their cross-cultural adjustment to American higher education. J. C. P. G. Palmer. United States -- Illinois, Illinois State University. Illinois State University. This study examines the cross-cultural adjustment of international students from India, China, South Korea, and Japan in a Midwestern public university to identify factors that inhibit or assist in their academic, social, and cultural journeys as they participate in campus life. Graduate and undergraduate students were chosen from the targeted countries with a follow-up interview. The research was based on a host of socio-cultural and educational theories. The focus was mainly on their experience with using English, academic and social competence and approach to American culture. The findings suggest areas of improvement in service delivery to the students in terms of catering to their various academic and social needs. Chaparro, D. P. (2009). Are our efforts worthwhile? International students perceptions of a project-based program designed to internationalize higher education. D. D. Hendel. United States -- Minnesota, Educational Policy and Administration. Educational Policy and Administration. This qualitative research focuses on international students perspectives on a project-based program designed to internationalize higher education. It shows that the Culture Corps project had helped international students in getting acclimatized to the university setting academically, linguistically and culturally. The study explains the basis of the Culture Corp project, undertaken by the
A New Legislative Structure for Company Law in UK - Coursework Example Both the section 31 and 39 of the CA 2006 of UK chiefly diminish the applicability of the doctrine of ultra vires to the company law, especially in the United Kingdom. However, the doctrine of ultra vires is still applicable to Charity Companies in UK. Thus, an injunction can be applied by a member of a Charity Company, in advance only, to hamper an act which is supposed to be ultra vires1. The acts that were ultra vires the competence of the company, and that could not be approved by seeking its memberÃ¢â¬â¢s approval were first time differentiated by an English court in 1875. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"ultra vires Ã¢â¬Å"refers the acts of the company which falls outside objects of the company. Ultra vires includes the acts of directors of the company who took the decision which falls outside the authority granted to the directors under the articles of association of the company2. In theory, the authorities of a company are restricted to those listed in the main objects clauses of its mem orandum. If a company or its directors have done any acts, which fall outside the main objects of the company, then such acts will be regarded as ultra vires or void. This has been laid down in the famous Ashbury case3. The House of Lords in Ashbury Railway Carriage and Iron Co Ltd v Riche4 held that a company did not possess the contractual authority to sign business contracts that fall outside the defined main objects of the company as defined in the memorandum of association. The Law Lords were of the opinion that this Ashbury rule would safeguard the interest of the outsiders who deal with the company5. The directors of the company derive the authority to enter business contracts as stated in the main objects of the company as defined in the memorandum of association of the company and if the directors do enter contracts which fall outside the main objects of the company, then actions of the directors would not bind the company and would be regarded as ultra vires6. However, as per section 31 of the Companies Act 2006, a company may have unrestricted main objects unless their article of association specifically limits the objects of the company. Where a company enters into business contracts with a third party in good faith, the authority of the directors to bind the company or to permit others to act so is presently considered to be free from any restriction under the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s articles and memorandum of association. This indicates as long as the articles of a company does not restrict any object, specifically , the company is free to enter into a contract with the third parties on any main objects, which is not restrained by the articles of the company. Further, the directors are now empowered to approve any business transaction or can authorise others to do so, if such objects are not restrained by the articles of the company7. The introduction of section 31(1) of the CA 2006 has resulted in the Ã¢â¬Å"death of doctrine of ultra vires.Ã¢â¬ Thu s, this research essay will analyse how section 31 (1) of CA Act 2006 makes the doctrine of ultra vires as held in Ashbury Railway Carriage and Iron Co Ltd v Riche a redundant one and how this section will be applicable to charitable companies or companies not for profit by restricting their objects in the articles in a depth manner. Analysis of Doctrine of Ultra Vires in the
Sunday, August 25, 2019
Food Safety; Pests and Vectors; Air Quality - Essay Example Among the two approaches stated above; training the restaurant employees seems more practicable and productive. This approach has also been applied at Philadelphia in 2009; Don Sapatkin (2009) explains that they adapted a risk-based approach in which emphasis was given to food workerÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge and behavior. It is very important for them to comprehend as to how contamination is spread and how to prevent it. Frequent inspections by restaurant inspectors also play a crucial role in maintaining a good and healthy standard of food service. Personal hygiene of the workers in the restaurants is mandatory. It is noticed that restaurant owners serve much time on the cleanliness of the kitchens and tables etc. but donÃ¢â¬â¢t pay attention if the cooks and workers are washing their hands at regular intervals. The workers should be trained and made aware of the food-borne illnesses they are likely to transmit through their food if they are not hygiene cautious. US Food and Drug Administration (2009) states that there is another very important factor regarding food safety; which is the knowledge of temperatures for cooking specific ingredients .e.g. each portion of cooked chicken must reach a minimal internal temperature of 165F for 15 seconds. They should also be aware as to which food is more prone to develop bacteria and at what temperature they should be cooked to remove them. Workers should be urged to wear head gears whenever they are in contact with food to promote a proactive approach rather than a reactive approach. Another thing that should be monitored is that the temperatures of refrigerators are maintained at a suitable temperature. It is often noticed by inspectors that the air temperature of walk-in refrigerators are kept warm. Question 2: Describe the recommendations you would give the public to prevent further spread of West Nile Virus by mosquitoes. Describe the
Saturday, August 24, 2019
Journalism - The Economic Crisis - Research Paper Example The people I interviewed gave varied responses to the causes of the economic crisis but from the interviews it was clear that it affected peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s living standards since inflation hit hard ion people s pockets and they could no longer live the way they used to do before. People feel that the economic crisis was caused by the debts that most people in the United States live with. The rate of profit of the economy had fallen and this meant that there was a high rate of inflation. Businesses were forced to adjust to the crisis by laying off workers so that they could continue being in existence. The rate of unemployment also increased as a result and this meant that the unemployed people could not get money to meet their daily needs. The decline in profits cased investments to reduce and since the economy depends on returns from business, the economy was set on the crisis. Other people feel that mortgage lending caused the economic crisis since the cost of housing increased signi ficantly during the crisis. This is because people had to pay a lot of money for their housing units and they were left with little money to meet their other needs. People feelings about the economic mess are varied but most people feel that it ruined the lifestyles as they had to budget their finances so that they could be able to survive with the money they had. ... The crisis caused people to move in to smaller houses since paying mortgages was expensive as interest rates were on the all time high and paying them was a task. People feel that the government is to blame for the crisis since it did not set the necessary policies to see that the value of the dollar is maintained. The government did not respond to crisis early enough as if it had it would have set out policies that would ensure that interest rates are at a good enough level to further development. People are dependant on credit and when the interest rates are too high, it means that they will not be able to get credit at reasonable interest rates hence levels of poverty will increase. Had the government ensured that interest rates were at a fair rate, it would make people get more credit and use it for their own development and for that of the country. People feel that government spending also had a great role to play in the crisis the economy was so much in debt and the high rate o f inflation meant that more money had to be used to pay the debt. The government spent a lot of money on the war against terrorism and there was no money being injected into the economy from the war. The cost incurred during the war depleted the economy of funds, which could be used for development purposes. Everyone was affected by the crisis and people complained on the adverse effects it had on their daily routines. There were high rates of unemployment since businesses could not employ people due to the decreased levels of profit. Those who were lucky to get jobs had to work on two or more jobs since they could not get enough from one job. Since the cost of gas also increased peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s travelling habits also
Friday, August 23, 2019
Standing Long Jump - Essay Example The most important technique variable is the selection of takeoff angle. A japanese athlete studied the effects of changes in takeoff angle on performance in the standing long jump. The aim was to identify the "optimum take off angle" and to explain the underlying biomechanics of the standing long jump. When indoor arenas were built, the standing long jump began to disappear as an event. Today, the only country where the standing long jump is a national championship event is Norway. The Norwegian Championships in Standing Jumps (long jumps and high jumps) has been held in Stage every winter since 1995. The performance of standing long jump was often used or adopted to examine the fitness of school children, but the tests had frequently underestimated the subject's true potential when the subject did not use the best possible technique. The most important methods that promote the jumping performance is the selection of optimum take off angle and technical use of the arms. In previous researches, many researchers used the force plates to study the long jump and suggested the technique of long jumps. They later concluded that increasing the take off velocity of the jumper's supporting leg would increase the jumping distance. Numerical models were used by other researchers and found there were no significant inclination angles in the magnitude of the peak ground reaction force. Previous standing long jump study, compared body configuration and joint moment analysis in children and adult males. They suggested that skilled 6 year old children have not developed either hip negative work during preparatory movement or body configuration in the flight phase. The difference in body configuration showed the jumping performance and cross-sectional of the skeletal muscle correlate positively. They also verified that standing long jump performance improved when arm movement was employed. In recent studies, researchers investigated the explosive movements concerned mainly with vertical jump. Although jumping for distance received a lot of attention, most of these works were centered on long or triple jump in athletics. There were no attempts to relate the coordination of hands swing and starting knee angles in standing jumping distance. The difference in initial knee angle in the study has not been investigated in other studies. The performance of standing long jump and its relationship to the body configurations as well as the possible other reasons for the difference are still not so clear. Furthermore, there are no information about trajectory of body center of mass in the standing long jump, but other basic motor skills like walking, running , kicking, and vertical jump had been investigated by using the center of mass analysis. The study efforts were directed towards the investigation of the effects on the arm movement and initial knee joint angle employed in st anding long jump by the ground reaction force analysis, three dimensional motion analysis, and analyzing changes in the force-time characteristics, magnitude of peak ground reaction forces, impulses generated in preparing phase and mass center's pathway characteristic during standing long jump and investigating how the jump performance is related to the body confi
Thursday, August 22, 2019
Health Care Financial Terms Week One Essay Controlling is the practice that managers use to ensure that the company plans and goals are being attained. By comparing report to each other areas that are working and succeeding are defined and the areas where problems are occurring can be addressed and corrected (Baker Baker, 2011). A manager has four different, lets say teamsÃ¢â¬ that report to this manager. Controlling would be when team A, B, C, and D submit the teamsÃ¢â¬â¢ financial report to the manager. The manager would review all four teams to ensure the teams are meeting the financial goals. So, in this scenario Team A, B, and C is on target and meeting the goals. However, Team D has not met the goals. The manager needs to review the team DÃ¢â¬â¢s progress determine where the problem is, such as cutting cost, the resource allocation, operating procedure, or other issues. Without controlling the teams and reviewing progress, other area will suffer. Decision making Decision making is management making informed decisions based on all information that accomplishes the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s goals (Baker Baker, 2011). The company is making a decision on purchasing electronic medical records. The financial reports will inform management of the financial status on the company and the amount of money they can budget for the purchase of this the EMR. Organizing Organizing is a term for companies to decide how to use resources for the best outcome for the company (Baker Baker, 2011). A manager is given a certain amount of revenue and the manager decides where the money is allocated for the department to accomplish the goals set by the company. Planning To succeed, companies need corporate goals. Planning is identifying the goals and resources. Laying out the steps by using the resources to accomplish those goals (Baker Baker, 2011). A manager has a specific project to install and to perform the primary function of the project. The manager works out a step by step plan from the beginning to the end of implementing the project until the project is complete and accomplishes the goal. Original records When a transaction is recorded into a journal or ledger this becomes the original records (Baker Baker, 2011). A patient makes a payment of $100. This payment is entered into the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s file and payment history. This entry is an original record in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s income ledger. Reference: Baker, J. J., Baker, R. W. (2011). Health Care Finance Basic Tools for Nonfinancial Managers (3rd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, LLC.
Wednesday, August 21, 2019
Acc 556 Essay Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: Ã¢â¬ ¢University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. Ã¢â¬ ¢Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality. Course Materials Louwers, T. J. , Ramsay, R. J. , Sinason, D. H. , Strawser, J. R. , Thibodeau, J. C. (2011). Auditing assurance services (4th ed. ). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Mulford, C. W. , Comiskey, E. E. (2002). The financial numbers game: Detecting creative accounting practices. New York, NY: John Wiley Sons. Silverstone, H. , Sheetz, M. (2007). Forensic accounting and fraud investigation for non-experts (2nd ed. ). Pearson. Singleton, T. W. , Singleton, A. J. (2010). Fraud auditing and forensic accounting (4th ed. ). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons. Wells, J. (2011). Principles of fraud examination (3rd ed. ). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. All electronic materials are available on the student website. Supplemental Resources Apollo Shoes Casebook Web-Based Version http://highered. mcgraw-hill. com/sites/0078136644/student_view0/apollo_shoes_case. html Week One: Overview of Fraud and Abuse DetailsDuePoints Objectives1. 1Identify the impact of occupational fraud and abuse on the organization. 1. 2Describe U. S. governmental oversight of accounting fraud and abuse. 1. Define categories of corruption. 1. 4Assess the types of accounting evidence. ReadingRead the section Ã¢â¬Å"Fraud Examination MethodologyÃ¢â¬ in Ch. 1 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingRead Ch. 10 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingRead Ch. 16 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingRead Ch. 4 of The Financial Numbers Game. ReadingRead Ch. 11 of Fraud Auditing and Forensic Accounting. ParticipationParticipate in class discus sion. See Policies2 Discussion QuestionsRespond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 Ã¢â¬â Day 2 DQ2 Ã¢â¬â Day 4 DQ3 Ã¢â¬â Day 62 Individual Internal AccountantÃ¢â¬â¢s Report to ManagementYou are the internal accountant at a company that is preparing for an upcoming government contract bid. The management in your company is deciding if it is necessary for the company to perform a full financial status review prior to the bid. As an internal accountant, prepare a report for management that provides supporting information for a full financial status review prior to the bid. Write a paper of no more than 1,050 words that includes the following sections: Ã¢â¬ ¢Section I: The effect of occupational fraud and abuse on the company Ã¢â¬ ¢Section II: U. S. overnmental oversight of accounting fraud and abuse and its effect on the company Ã¢â¬ ¢Section III: Potential corruption schemes to be aware of in the company Ã¢â¬ ¢Section IV: Recommendation of types of accounting evidence and methods of gathering such evidence to support the financial status review Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Day 714 Week Two: Fore nsic Evidence DetailsDuePoints Objectives2. 1Explain procedures for collecting accounting evidence. 2. 2Explain the use of sampling in performing an examination. 2. 3Evaluate accounting evidence using analytical and inferential tools. ReadingRead Ch. of Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts. ReadingRead Ch. 9 of Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts. ReadingRead Ch. 10 of Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts. ReadingRead Ch. 11 of Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts. ReadingRead Ch. 12 of Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts. ReadingRead Module E of Auditing Assurance Services. ReadingRead Module F of Auditing Assurance Services. ReadingRead Module G of Auditing Assurance Services. ReadingRead the Apollo Shoes Casebook Road Map. ReadingReview the Apollo Shoes Casebook. ParticipationParticipate in class discussion. See Policies1. 5 Discussion QuestionsRespond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 Ã¢â¬â Day 2 DQ2 Ã¢â¬â Day 4 DQ3 Ã¢â¬â Day 61. 5 Individual Procedures in Collecting Forensic EvidenceAs corporate controller for Apollo Shoes, you are tasked to find and explain any irregularities in the Apollo Shoes Case. Resource: Apollo Shoes Casebook Define the process you will use and address the following questions: Ã¢â¬ ¢What procedures will you use to collect accounting evidence? Ã¢â¬ ¢What sampling tools and techniques will you use for the examination? How will you use analytical and inferential tools to evaluate accounting evidence? Submit your assignment to the facilitator. Note. APA formatting is not required for this assignment. Use a title and reference page where appropriate. Consider using a checklist or flowchart to outline your process. Day 78 Learning Team Weekly ReflectionDiscuss this wee kÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives with your team. Your discussion should include the topics you feel comfortable with, any topics you struggled with, and how the weekly topics relate to application in your field. Prepare a 350- to 1,050-word paper detailing the findings of your discussion. Day 71 Week Three: Substantive Procedures for Cash Outflow Irregularities DetailsDuePoints Objectives3. 1Design substantive procedures for detecting irregularities in cash. 3. 2Design substantive procedures for detecting irregularities in accounts payable. 3. 3Design substantive procedures for detecting irregularities in payroll. ReadingsRead Ch. 2 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 3 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 5 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 6 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 7 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead the sections Ã¢â¬Å"Audit ProgramsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit EvidenceÃ¢â¬ in Ch. 3 of Auditing Assurance Services. ReadingsReview the Apollo Shoes Casebook. ParticipationParticipate in class discussion. See Policies1. 5 Discussion QuestionsRespond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 Ã¢â¬â Da y 2 DQ2 Ã¢â¬â Day 4 DQ3 Ã¢â¬â Day 61. 5 Individual CPA Examination ReviewResource: Week Three Student Guide Access the Wiley CPA Examination Review website from the link on the student website. Use the Week Three Student Guide to complete the Wiley CPA Examination assignment. Day 72 Learning Team Substantive Procedures for Cash Outflow IrregularitiesResource: Apollo Shoes Casebook Outline substantive procedures by using the Apollo Shoes Casebook for detecting irregularities in each of the following audit cycles: Ã¢â¬ ¢Cash Ã¢â¬ ¢Accounts payable Ã¢â¬ ¢Payroll Design an audit program for the cycle in no more than 1,050 words. Consider using a checklist or flowchart to outline your process. Format your audit program consistent with APA guidelines. Day 712 Week Four: Substantive Procedures for Cash Asset Irregularities DetailsDuePoints Objectives4. 1Design substantive procedures for detecting irregularities in accounts receivable. 4. Design substantive procedures for detecting inventory irregularities. 4. 3Design substantive procedures for detecting irregularities in fixed assets. ReadingsRead Ch. 4 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 9 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 7 of The Financial Numbers Game: Detecting Creative Accounting Practice s. ReadingsReview the Apollo Shoes Casebook. ParticipationParticipate in class discussion. See Policies1. 5 Discussion QuestionsRespond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 Ã¢â¬â Day 2 DQ2 Ã¢â¬â Day 4 DQ3 Ã¢â¬â Day 61. 5 Learning Team Substantive Procedures for Asset IrregularitiesResource: Apollo Shoes Casebook Outline substantive procedures by using the Apollo Shoes Casebook for detecting irregularities in each of the following audit cycles: Ã¢â¬ ¢Accounts receivable Ã¢â¬ ¢Inventory Ã¢â¬ ¢Fixed assets Design an audit program for the cycle in no more than 1,050 words. Consider using a checklist or flowchart to outline your process. Format your audit program consistent with APA guidelines. Day 711 Week Five: Financial Statement Fraud DetailsDuePoints Objectives5. 1Analyze the relationship between financial accounting principles and fraud. 5. 2Analyze schemes used in financial statement fraud. ReadingsRead Ch. 11 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsRead Ch. 12 of Principles of Fraud Examination. ReadingsReview the Apollo Shoes Casebook. ParticipationParticipate in class discussion. See Policies1. 5 Discussion QuestionsRespond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 Ã¢â¬â Day 2 DQ2 Ã¢â¬â Day 4 DQ3 Ã¢â¬â Day 61. 5 Individual Financial Statement Fraud SchemesYou are the investigator assigned to Apollo Shoes. Based on the nature of the company and the evidence provided to you, you must determine which financial statement fraud schemes would likely be present in the company. Resource: Apollo Shoes Casebook Identify potential financial statement fraud schemes by using the Apollo Shoes Casebook. Describe the types of evidence you would look for to determine whether fraud is occurring. Write a business brief of no more than 1,050 words that outlines how you will use the substantive procedures discussed in Weeks Three and Four to analyze potential schemes. Format your business brief consistent with APA guidelines. Day 720 Learning Team Weekly ReflectionDiscuss this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives with your team. Your discussion should include the topics you feel comfortable with, any topics you struggled with, and how the weekly topics relate to application in your field. Prepare a 350- to 1,050-word paper detailing the findings of your discussion. Day 71 Week Six: Examination Reporting DetailsDuePoints Objective6. 1Create documentation to present investigation findings. ReadingsRead Ch. 13 of Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts. ReadingsRead the section Ã¢â¬Å"Attestation EngagementsÃ¢â¬ in Module A of Auditing Assurance Services. ParticipationParticipate in class discussion. See Policies2 Discussion QuestionsRespond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 Ã¢â¬â Day 2 DQ2 Ã¢â¬â Day 4 DQ3 Ã¢â¬â Day 62 Individual CPA Examination ReviewResource: Week Six Student Road Map Access the Wiley CPA Examination Review website from the link on the student website. Use the Week Six Student Guide to complete the Wiley CPA Examination assignment. Day 72 Individual Report on Financial Statement Fraud SchemeResource: Ch. 12 of Principles of Fraud Examination Choose one of the following financial fraud scheme cases from Ch. 12 of Principles of Fraud Examination. (You may also choose a fraud scheme case that is not in the text, with instructor approval. ) Ã¢â¬ ¢Case Study: That Way Lies Madness Ã¢â¬ ¢Case Study: The Importance of Timing Ã¢â¬ ¢Case Study: All on the Surface Write a letter or memo in no more than 1,050 words to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management and communicate the examination findings explained in the case. Refer to this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s assigned readings for assistance with formatting a letter or memo to management. Include the following in your letter or memo: Ã¢â¬ ¢A summary of the matter under investigation Ã¢â¬ ¢The scope of the examination Ã¢â¬ ¢A summary of conclusions Ã¢â¬ ¢The factors that aided the examination Ã¢â¬ ¢The limitations on the examination Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines. Day 78 Learning Team Weekly ReflectionDiscuss this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives with your team. Your discussion should include the topics you feel comfortable with, any topics you struggled with, and how the weekly topics relate to application in your field. Prepare a 350- to 1,050-word paper detailing the findings of your discussion. Day 71 Copyright University of PhoenixÃ ® is a registered trademark of Apollo Group, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. MicrosoftÃ ®, WindowsÃ ®, and Windows NTÃ ® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All other company and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Use of these marks is not intended to imply endorsement, sponsorship, or affiliation. Edited in accordance with University of PhoenixÃ ® editorial standards and practices.
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
A Brief Introduction To Outsourcing Management Essay One of the most common and highly used terms in business firm in last decade or so is outsourcing. Globalisation and new technological competitions have made the companies difficult to maintain range of expertise in skill in all areas to be a successful competitor. With the emergence of third world multinational companies the level of competition has become even more difficult and important issue. The best solution for this problem is outsourcing. Definition: Outsourcing is defined as contracting with a third service provider for the management and competition of a certain amount of work, for a specified length of time, cost, and level of service. So why exactly does the companies outsource the projects? There are many advantages by outsourcing a project to another company some of the reasons being less cost, more effective and to reduce the training times for the employees. And another reason is that the company can concentrate more on other work as the task has been outsourced to other company. Reasons for outsourcing: Tactical reasons: Operating costs: In recent survey it shows that the operation costs of a company is reduced to nine per cent by outsourcing by outsourcing its project to other companies. This is the most compelling benefit for a company to outsource but of course this is a short term benefit. Capital funding: outsourcing helps the company to increase the capital funding more available for the core areas. And it also reduces the investment of capital funds into no core business areas. The need to show the equity on capital investment in non-core areas is also reduced by outsourcing. Resource needs: companies mainly outsource because of the unavailability of the resources internally. For example a new company want to establish its process to other countries its best to start with outsourcing as they will have ready availability of resources by outsourcing. Cash infusion: companies often sell their resources for cash. For example if the provider has some requirements like manpower, Hardware resources, software resources and infrastructure resources the customer company can sell their resources to the provider Management difficulties: if there are many projects for a company then its good option for them to outsource. Because of the difficulty to manage all the projects it is good if some part or the whole project is outsourced as it reduces the amount of management. Strategic reasons: World class capabilities: as outsourcing mainly deals with other company customer often have advantage of new technology, tools, infrastructure and technical expertise. Thus by outsourcing there is always a greater possibility of having world class service. Reengineering benefits: outsourcing often helps the customer to reengineer the organisation and this is achieved by outsourcing to a world class company which helps in realizing the customer the need to reengineer. Shred risk: by outsourcing the customer company will be in a less risky situation and the producer company will also be in the same state. So with shred risk productivity is increased. Improving business focus: outsourcing will let the customer company to concentrate on when to issues rather than how to issues which will be taken care by the client or producer. (Johnson, 1997) Types of outsourcing: In general it outsourcing can be classified in to following types System integration Facility management Contract programming Software support Network maintenance Hardware maintenance (SUZANNE RIVARD, 2008) Other types of outsourcing based on mode of outsourcing are Complete IS outsourcing: in this scenario the outsourcing is done to the service provider along with all the communication centre, computer and manpower related to IS. Facilities management outsourcing: outsourced company plays a role in operating the resources of the outsourcing company to operate its complex IS data. System integration outsourcing: A system integrator is hired to manage the installation and operation of the integrated systems. The overall responsibility for the quality and performance is maintained by the integrator. Time sharing outsourcing: this often involves in buying time from the service provides for its resources which can be used by the service receiver in order to perform some task. This type of outsourcing is mainly in mainframes due to the cost of infrastructure. (Grover, 1994) Based on the extent of which a company relies on outsourcing it can be categorized in to four types Total outsourcing: in this type all the staff, IT assets, and management responsibilities are outsourced to the service provides which represents 80 per cent of the IS budget. Total insourcing: it involves insourcing of certain requirements such are machinery, manpower and technology which is hired for certain period of time. Selective sourcing: often involves in sourcing selected functions with external providers while still providing certain per cent of IS budget. Vendor is responsible for delivering the result of the outsourced task and customer is responsible for insourced task. De facto insourcing: uses its internal resources from other departments for serving the purpose. (Lacity, 1996) Decision factors of outsourcing We have already seen what the uses of outsourcing are and now it is time we have to learn about the factors that are responsible for outsourcing. In 1994 Quinn and Hilmer identified factors such as core peripheral activates, supplier relationships, Technologies and cost should be considered as the factors that should be considered for outsourcing. In 2000 McIvor suggested a four staged framework for helping a companys outsourcing decision. However it provides very basic information about the factors. A survey is conducted followed by the interviews for several managers in handling outsourcing decisions. This survey gave us some interesting answers for the questions raised in outsourcing decision. Outsourcing degree, impact of outsourcing, IS outsourcing drivers and strategic alignment. APH: APH (analytical hierarchy process) developed at Wharton school of business by Thomas Saaty, helps in decision making for complex problems in hierarchical structure. AHP employs both qualitative; a complex problem is decomposed into a hierarchical structure. Quantitative, a pair wise comparison to rate the decision elements. It has three steps the first step is to construct a hierarchy, in second step calculating weight of elements at each level, and in final step weight of each decision alternative is calculated. Step 1: Main problem is divided into sub problems. And this should not exceed 7 because of the complexity. Top level of the hierarchy is goal of the outsourcing and the lowest level is the decision or choice alternatives. Elements in between the hierarchy are the factors and sub factors that are associated with the decision making. Step2: this step involves three steps again Paired comparison: Elements in first step are compared according to the given importance criteria. This is calculated with the formula n (n-1)/2 where n is the number of elements and the number used for comparisons are 1/9,1/8,1/7Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦..7,8,9. If the two sets of elements that are to be compared are represented by c1, c2, c3Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦cw and ci, cjÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦..can be represented by n*n matrix as A= (aij), (i, j = 1, 2Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦n) and if aij = 1/a, and aij = 1 if i = j Computing vector properties: when normalized the principal Eigen vectors become the vector properties and the formula for that is Aw= Ã Ã ¬max w, the largest Eigen value of A is Ã Ã ¬max w is the Eigen vector. Measuring consistency: consistency is said to be achieved when aij*aik = aik Step 3: weight at immediate next higher level elements is calculated. And the overall ranking is obtained by adding the results of the weight criteria multiplied by weight alternatives. Rj = i=1nÃ Ã¢â¬Å" ci, Piji=1 (where RJ is used to rank alternatives) This is a figure which represents the above scenario (Gupta, 2009) Planning stage With increased competition and management challenges manager of the companies are concentrating more on the cost effective solutions which also increases performance and profits. Most of the outsourcing decisions are done by the senior management as the medium and low level management feels outsourcing is actually risking their jobs. Outsourcing varies from company to company and is decided by which part of the company it is outsourced. In some companies outsourcing is done my middle level companies and in some it is done by business process managers. So what is the view of senior management when it comes to outsourcing? A decision which can cut costs, a process to reengineer the business, a method to meet with the competition, a method to enhance public perception, a process to outsource non-core business activities. And in the view of business process managers outsourcing is viewed in the following perspective. Reorganisation of business department, cutting business process costs, method to enhance performance, methods to learn new methodologies and technologies. Forming an outsourcing team: Once it is decided that outsourcing has to be done the follows a protocol which involves negotiations and approvals from the top level management. This is because in process of outsourcing there are some different resources which are crucial for process initiation. These resources typically include travelling costs, meeting costs, consulting costs, infrastructure costs, and personal resources. In some cases approvals for board committee is not needed at initial stages of outsourcing. In those cases it is advised to get the on board committee approval in order to avoid the negative reactions due to unexpected raise in costs. Next step in outsourcing is selecting a project leader who is responsible for taking critical decisions like organising manpower form the same department, purchasing, human resources, tax, and risk management. Internal evaluation: Since the security is important in communication in both internal as well as external ways. So it is very important to form some security guidelines before moving in to the actual outsourcing. And it is also important to form some outsourcing objectives for the team as it helps the leader to review milestones reached at each point. Clear norms should be formed with the customers with respect to how the transfer of assets or manpower is done. In addition to this customer should also consider the impact that outsourcing is going to leave on the organisation either in technical terms or methodological terms. And customer should also analyse the benefit verses risk in order to have a clear ideal. Benefit Risk Cost saving Ability to concentrate on core business Lacking expertise with new technologies by outsourcing every time. Reengineering Cost involved for every outsourcing Varied skill resources Compatibility problems Reduction of training expenses More time to learn new technologies Greater flexibility Difficulty in cost management. Less flexible for new technology Additional responsibility Timetable: It normally takes two to three months in order to begin the outsourcing process. This is due to selection of vendor, assets management, selection of team and vendor negotiation. Vendor will always look for faster deals. It is beneficial to prepare a timetable which contains all the time lines with respect to outsourcing. Communicating with employees: There are three ways to communicate outsourcing deal with the internal employees. Keeping the deal confidential until the deal is signed off Informing the employees that there is an idea of outsourcing and keeping rest of things like actual dates, vendor and other things confidential. Informing everything to the employees from starting of idea. Lets see what are the benefits and risks in each type Scenario 1: there are some benefits like employees will not be involved in negotiations. There is no fear of resignations by the employees with the decision of outsourcing. Avoid false alarms for the employees and avoiding leakage to media. And the risks involved are employees may think that they are not treated in a fair way. Creates distrust among the employees. Scenario 2: in this type of communication employees will be in trust with management. Employees will not leave the company until they know what the full situation is. But this creates rumours between the employees. Employees may fell that they are not adequately informed about the situation and may force management to get involved in negotiations. Scenario 3: this creates full trust for the employees. Helps management to understand the situation of employees and negotiate according to the situation. But there is more risk involved in this situation as some of the employees may leave the company especially those who are not in the team of outsourcing. And employees may demand more things or there is a risk of resignations. And as the deal is known to all pressure to close the deal will be high. And there is an important point that always should be remembered and that is all the employees should be informed with the same information otherwise it may lead to rumours and company may end up with dropping the idea. Vendor selection: There are many vendors who can complete the outsourcing task but it is very important step to choose one from that list who has very good experience, resources, and capability. There are many cases that vendor will know about the outsourcing. So in these cases the customer should consider all the available vendors and select according to the current requirement. There are many situations that there may be a vendor who has gained trust with the customer. In this type of scenario customer should keep in mind of all that available options for the current situation and have to take a decision on outsourcing. So after deciding the vendor what is the first step in communication? Many of the customers might know how to communicate with the vendor at initial stages but some might not know how to start the initial communication. In that situation the following points are very important to Look for industrial publications Get in touch with other outsourcing customers Obtain information from surveys So after selection of pool of vendors it is very important to target some of the vendors and this is done by some steps which may include visiting vendor sites, talking to the vendors, checking previous experiences with vendors, taking a look at annual reports and review of surveys. Next step includes set of questions that the customer needs to ask a vendor either it may be in a formal or informal way. And these questions include Reputation: what is the reputation of vendor in the selected country or place where the customer wishes to outsource? What is the culture of the country and will it fit for the customers culture. History of vendor: customer should have deeper look in to some areas like vendors history in business, market share, any disputes faced in the past and legal issues. Financial condition: is the vendor financially stable? Is the vendors market share steady without any valleys? Are the any pending claims that could weaken vendors financial condition? And customer should also obtain a copy of recent financial statement. Resource allocation: client should consider the availability of resources form the customer in required place where the outsourcing is done. Is there enough number of employees to meet the requirement in required location for client? These are common enquires that should be done. Vendors vendor: this is another area where the client should be aware of. This is nothing but vendor may be relying on some other vendor for the supply of some services. So is that vendors capable of handling the current requirement? Technical issues: is the vendor capable to meet the requirement for the current technology and can implement the requested technology. And also should consider whether there is room for current technology in use with client familiar to vendor. (Havely, 2007) Other benefits: can the vendor provide other benefits like reengineering and can introduce to new technologies which can help the customer in feature? This is very important because there should be some benefit for the customer besides the actual work. RFI and RFP: These are the two terms which are help full in final stages of selection and narrowing down the vendors. RFI refers to Request For Information which is extremely useful in cases like when customer is not aware of vendors especially in different location form the vendors or overseas. In general if the customer has already outsourced to same vendor previously this can be eliminated as it delays the process. This is done in a confidential way because this may lead to leakage of information to employees and stakeholders. And this document differs with the requirement of the client. RFP means Request For Proposal in this process customers will be issued with a form which is useful in screening the vendor selection. Vendors will be ranked on the basis of that form which evaluates the vendors and makes the selection process easy. (TENDERSZEAL RESOURCES, 2010) Request form evaluation: After RFP process it is customers job to evaluate the proposals and choose the best one according to the requirement. RFP document should be categorised in to three types like commercial, technical and organisational. Qualitative analysis and the report which is formed by splitting RFP document is combined together to get a full report on selected vendor. All the outsourcing team should agree the criteria which are applied in order to sort the bids. After looking at all the bids cross checking several times the documents are categorised in to rejects, doubtful and candidates. And a third party consultant is involved in evaluation to have a look at the rejects and doubtful forms. This process is again done in order to evaluate some more profiles. All the above process is quantitative process and before moving to qualitative process there may be some doubts among the documents. All the doubts are documented clearly and are discussed in a meeting which will be arranged in later stage. This stage will put an end to qualification of responses. The next step is Qualitative analysis all the documents which are finalised in the above step are processed and given a score on the scale of 0 to 5 where 5 is the best. Risk evaluation: Final outcome of all the above process is list of candidates or vendors may be three or fewer than that are analysed. This analysis mainly deals with risk which is mostly carried out by risk analysis managers who are employed especially to analyses risks. If the company have no risk managers employed then they should consider the following steps to evaluate risk. They are Is the company in kind of some financial crisis? Is there a threat of bankruptcy? Is there any change in pricing model due to outsourcing? Are there any government rules in tax that restrict the performance of vendor? Financial modelling: Financial quotes of companies differ from vendor to vendor and this should be considered in the process of evaluation in order to chooses best vendor and the points that should be considered in this section are Model of pricing from one vendor to other Price level comparison Payment methods and terms Taxation changes or import costs. Selecting the right candidate: Once the final list is prepared it is preferred to review the list with business case and make the final decision. Final decision occurs in two phases in the first phase project manages or senior managers are informed to choose the outsourcing team. Each employee is given a score and the score is analysed and a project team is formed. A document is shown to all the team which contains quantitative analysis, qualitative analysis, risk chat, and financial comparisons. Next stage is board level management decision stage which involves review of all the documents including the above document which contains list of employees chosen for outsourcing team. General mistakes made in vendor selection process include short of time for the decision. In general enough time should be given to employees to evaluate all the criterias. Most of the people think that the decision making process is just computer work entering some numbers and doing some mathematical calculations. All the levels of management should consider that the selection process is very important and crucial in decision making.
Monday, August 19, 2019
The Power of The Chosen Throughout the book, 'The Chosen', Chaim Potok used the way of the Jewish lifestyle to teach his readers of the Jewish people. Potok used a variety of techniques including diction where he introduced Jewish terms, the theme of silence, and conflict between father and son to make the novel appealing. Furthermore, this novel tells us of the life of Jews and their commitment to religion; "We are commanded to study His Torah! We are commanded to sit in the light of the Presence! It is for this that we were created! Chaim Potok has an outstanding way of using descriptive words to understand a situation. After Reuven reached home form the hospital he presented me with this depiction, " I stood in that room for a long time, watching the sunlight and listening to the sounds on the street outside. I stood there, tasting the room and the sunlight and the sounds, and thinking of the long hospital ward. . .. I wondered if little Mickey had ever seen sunlight come though the windows of a front room apartment. . .. somehow, everything had changed. I had spent five days in a hospital and the world around seemed sharpened now and pulsing with life." Potok right away uses his attention to detail to tell the appreciation of perception through his character Reuven Malter. Finally, I have found a book where the words speak to the reader and enlighten the reader through words not known. Next, Potok introduces his theme of silence. Silence in this novel serves as both the theme and a conflict between characters. Potok shows us that like Reuven Malter, Danny Saunders life in silence develops a high respect of physical senses. Danny says this about his silence, "My father taught me with silence. . .to look into myself, to find my own strength, to walk around inside myself in company with my soul. . .. One learns of the pain of others by suffering one's own pain ... by turning inside oneself. . .. It makes us aware of how frail and tiny we are and of how much we must depend upon the Master of the Universe. The Power of Chaim PotokÃ¢â¬â¢s The Chosen :: Potok Chosen Essays The Power of The Chosen Throughout the book, 'The Chosen', Chaim Potok used the way of the Jewish lifestyle to teach his readers of the Jewish people. Potok used a variety of techniques including diction where he introduced Jewish terms, the theme of silence, and conflict between father and son to make the novel appealing. Furthermore, this novel tells us of the life of Jews and their commitment to religion; "We are commanded to study His Torah! We are commanded to sit in the light of the Presence! It is for this that we were created! Chaim Potok has an outstanding way of using descriptive words to understand a situation. After Reuven reached home form the hospital he presented me with this depiction, " I stood in that room for a long time, watching the sunlight and listening to the sounds on the street outside. I stood there, tasting the room and the sunlight and the sounds, and thinking of the long hospital ward. . .. I wondered if little Mickey had ever seen sunlight come though the windows of a front room apartment. . .. somehow, everything had changed. I had spent five days in a hospital and the world around seemed sharpened now and pulsing with life." Potok right away uses his attention to detail to tell the appreciation of perception through his character Reuven Malter. Finally, I have found a book where the words speak to the reader and enlighten the reader through words not known. Next, Potok introduces his theme of silence. Silence in this novel serves as both the theme and a conflict between characters. Potok shows us that like Reuven Malter, Danny Saunders life in silence develops a high respect of physical senses. Danny says this about his silence, "My father taught me with silence. . .to look into myself, to find my own strength, to walk around inside myself in company with my soul. . .. One learns of the pain of others by suffering one's own pain ... by turning inside oneself. . .. It makes us aware of how frail and tiny we are and of how much we must depend upon the Master of the Universe.
Contrasting Romance Novels and Pornography: Male and Female Preferences I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think IÃ¢â¬â¢ve ever read a romance novel, not for school, and certainly not for my own enjoyment. Although IÃ¢â¬â¢m not much into pornography either, I get much more excited looking at visual images of attractive women than if I were simply reading about them. Growing up, I remember the opposite to be true for my older sister, who often had romance novels lying around in her room. The contrasts between romance novels and pornography underscore how different female and male erotic fantasies are. These differences reflect human evolutionary history and the disparate sexual selection pressures women and men experience. According to our course handbook and as evidenced throughout history, men have been larger, and thus, the hunters. The role of women has been that of the gatherer, and also the rearing of offspring. To aid men during hunts for food, natural selection has led males to develop enhanced spatial and visual skills, to better coordinate their attacks. Females instead, have developed better verbal and language skills for communication. Since men have adapted to become more responsive to visual stimuli, male sexual fantasies have become dominated by visual imagery, while female sexual fantasies place emphasis on the personal characteristics of the partner and the emotional context of the encounter. The pornography industry has changed little since Victorian times, it is almost exclusively aimed at males (heterosexual and homosexual); it is overwhelmingly visual; involves many different youthful and attractive partners, and provides instant sexual gratification without the need for emotional commitment. On the other hand, romance novels ... ...ductive success (Galanti 2003). Mass-market pornography aimed at men, and romance novels for women feed off the basic desires of each sex. Variety, and young, visually attractive women are what men wish for, while women enjoy the romance and emotional involvement of intimate relationships. These preferences are fundamental in their sexual behavior, and have evolved throughout history. Works Cited Galanti, G. (2003). Evolutionary Perspective on Sex and Gender, Basic Concepts. CSULA. Kastleman, Mark. (2003). How internet pornographers market to women vs men. http://www.1stopwebprotect.com/webprotect_articles/men_women.html Salmon, Catherine. (2003). Warrior Lovers: Erotic fiction, evolution and female sexuality. London: Yale University Press. Symons, Donald. (1979). The Evolution of Human Sexuality. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sunday, August 18, 2019
Missing - Charles Horman is Us  How I came to choose Missing as the focus of my project is as a result of the learning experience I have been engaged in during my college career. Having first seen the film for a class, I thought of it as nothing more than a movie about something monumental that happened in Chile more than two decades ago. I watched it, unhappily, thinking about all the other things I could be doing, and even falling asleep during some of it. In the time between my first viewing of Missing and embarking on this most recent project, I have learned a great deal about history, politics, and people. My views on all three of those subjects are constantly changing, with each new piece of information I receive further complicating my thoughts. Missing has gone from a movie, the title of which I had difficulty recalling, to being a thought provoking exposition that has forced me to examine, evaluate, and reevaluate almost everything that had once been certain in my own mind.  Missing is a rather confusing film to follow at first. Admittedly, I had to view it a few times to understand what was happening. Perhaps the initial feeling after seeing this film is confusion. However, after having watched it a second, fourth, eighth time, what I really felt was anger. Each time I watched the film, the anger and disgust would grow, so much so that it pained me to watch it again. However, in identifying the cause of my anger, I began to realize many things.  The United States government denied having knowledge of Charles HormanÃ¢â¬â¢s disappearance. It denied any accusations, especially those of U.S. complicity in the coup. U.S. government officials seemed accommodating and willing to help. But Charles was still nowhere to be found. Perhaps he was hiding from the government because of his political views. Perhaps he was scared that his activities would cause him harm of some sort. Impossible, his family said. Charlie had nothing to hide and no one to hide from. He was captured and no doubt in a great deal of trouble. The onus was then on the United States to find one of their missing, to come through and protect its citizens from mistreatment by foreign nations.
Saturday, August 17, 2019
Emma Ovary is a very complex character with multiple changing aspects to her personality which creates conflict. She begins as a romantic illusion but then morphs into a realist idea. Gustavo Flatter focuses on objectivity more than subjectivity in order to render Judgment to the reader. He reveals the mall conflict through key character elements and dominant symbols; each haltingly the Ironic and romantic illusions of the novel, helping to complete the author's purpose. Utilizing Enema's appearance, past, psychological and emotional elements, Flatter charts the conflict f her romantic illusions versus her reality through the first major emphasis, key character elements, revealing the undercurrents of irony that flows throughout the novel. Ã¢â¬Å"But a knife was wanted; Charles offered his. Ã¢â¬ËAh! Ã¢â¬Ë she said to herself, Ã¢â¬Ëhe carried a knife in his pocket like a PeasantÃ¢â¬ (88). Here, Charles is referred to as a peasant to show her ties to the country-like backgroun d that she wants to escape from. In Ã¢â¬Å"Madame Ovary: Beauty out of PlaceÃ¢â¬ , R.P Blackman explains: Ã¢â¬Å"We also see how the great illusion of life to come is part of her revolt against society, and how it wows as a force working outside her-self. Her Vapors' persuade Charles to give up his success-full practice at Totes and go to Honeywell, Into the unknown as If a new routine might provide Emma the force to work out her Illusion Into reality. It Is only Emma who cannot know that It would have made no differenceÃ¢â¬ (484). These attempts are also seen when Flatter writes Ã¢â¬Å"Charles was surprised at the whiteness of her nails.They were shiny, delicate at the tips, more polished than the ivory of Dipped, and almond-shapedÃ¢â¬ (14). Enema's hands and fingernails seem polished and manicured; however, the hands of a farm girl would be more like those described later on of a girl from the agriculture fair- Ã¢â¬Å"And from the sleeves of her red Jacket looked out two l arge hands with knotty Joints, the dust of barns, the potash of wash- inning the grease of wools had so encrusted, roughened, hardened these that they seemed dirtyÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ (127). The two sets of hands have obvious contrasting details that yet again bring attention to Emma Ovary's efforts.Not only are they displayed through ere past and physical appearance, but they are also seen through her mental and Inner elements when, during the carriage ride episode, Flatter states Ã¢â¬Å"a bared hand passed be-neat the small blinds of yellow canvas, and threw out some scraps of paper that scattered in the wind, and farther off lighted like white butter-flies on a field of red clover all in bloomÃ¢â¬ (205). Emma had written in the letter that she could not be Loon's mistress, but she gave in before he read it, and ripped the letter into pieces.In addition to characterization, the symbolism further conveys the undercutting of he illusory ideas that the work has through the dominate exa mples that portray the way her thinking alters from illusions to a sordidness especially in the story of the wedding bouquets, Hypothesis leg, and the beggar's song. Ã¢â¬Å"The orange blossoms were yellow with dust and the silver bordered satin ribbons frayed at the edges. She threw It Into the fire. It flared up more quickly than dry straw. Then It was, Like a red bush In the cinders, slowly devoured. She watched It burnÃ¢â¬ (58).This finding of her old wedding bouquet symbolizes the disappointment and unhappiness of her f her own bouquet died, and then later on she ends up dying. Ã¢â¬Å"Then Homage represented to him how much Jollier and brisker he would feel afterwards, and even gave him to understand that he would be more likely to please the women; and the stable-boy began to smile heavily' (148). Here, they try to convince Hippest that amputating his leg would be a good idea, but in reality, it was extremely painful and unnatural because he had already become accustomed to the limp.Also discussing this topic, Robert Stableman writes Ã¢â¬Å"Nor is Homage, the apothecary, without illusions- namely, his faith in Progress, a faith which he shared with his century. And, finally, there are the illusions of the bourgeois (their faith in religion, science, government), which are summed up for them in the speech of the councilor at the cornices escarolesÃ¢â¬ (Three Meanings of Symbolism, 198). To foreshadow Enema's fate, the blind beggar wrote a song about the transformation of her life from a romantic illusion to a sordid idea. Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ The wind is strong this summer day, Her petticoat has flown away. She fell back upon the mattress in a convulsion. They all drew near. She was deadÃ¢â¬ (271). The end of the song exposes her and the new realist illusion as her petticoat flies away and she falls to the bed and dies. Throughout the novel Enema's character is transforming from one thing to the next. Beginning as a romantic and ending as a realist in or der to give the reader more of their own opinion. All in all, Gustavo Flatter gives away the central conflict through devices such as key character elements and dominant symbolism to emphasize the different illusions.
Friday, August 16, 2019
Policies and Prime Ministership of Gough Whitlam Question (a): Write an outline of the changes made by Gough Whitlam when he was AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s Prime Minister. Overview oWide-ranging reform plan oAimed to quickly change the social aspects of society, rather than solving AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s economic problems oWhitlamÃ¢â¬â¢s key principles were: ?Equality of opportunity ?Promotion of the Australian identity oPost-Vietnam War policies oWhitlamÃ¢â¬â¢s policies addressed many social justice issues oForeign policy oHuman rights (women + Indigenous) oMulticulturalism oPublic benefit National Identity Post-war policies ?Abolition of conscription for national service ?Immediate withdrawal from Vietnam ?Release of draft dodgers from prison Foreign Policy oChina ?Official recognition of China within a fortnight of WhitlamÃ¢â¬â¢s Prime ministership. ?Embassies were either restored or constructed in each country ? Australian support of China in the United Nations oPapua New Guinea grante d self-governance (1973) and independence (1975) oDistancing Australia from American foreign policy oSouth Africa ?Banning of racially-based sporting teams from South Africa ?Condemnation of apartheid policy in South Africa oWhitlam supported 13 international human rights initiatives Human Rights oWomen ?Office of WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Affairs ?Promoted policies that would help women achieve equality ? Wages ?Creation of the Ã¢â¬Ëadult wageÃ¢â¬â¢ to replace notions of separate male and female wages ? Encouraged more women to work and enjoy working ?Divorce ?The Ã¢â¬Ëno-faultÃ¢â¬â¢ divorce principle, as part of the Family Law Act (1975) ? Removed the Ã¢â¬Ëguilty labelÃ¢â¬â¢ which had previously undermined rights in custody disputes and property settlements ? Divorce without reasons Maternity Leave ?Extended maternity leave for single mothers to aid the costs while still retaining their original job. ?Removal of sales tax on contraceptive pills oIndigenous Australians ?Self-deter mination policy ?The right of a group to choose and control its own destiny ? Land rights ?Established the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Land Rights (1973) ? Some land (that was denied in the 1971 Gove land rights decision) was returned to the Gurindji people. ?Repeal of the Migration Acts ?Australian Aborigines no longer required permission to travel overseas ? All of us Australians are diminished while the Aborigines are denied their rightful place in this nation. Ã¢â¬ Gough Whitlam (1972). ?In 4 years, the budget for Aboriginal affairs increased from $23 million to $141 million Multiculturalism oAl Grassby became the new Minister for Immigration oWhite Australia Policy ?Abolition of this policy improved relations with nearby Asian countries ? Racial Discrimination Act (1975) promoted understanding of other races and ethnic groups ? Ã¢â¬Å"I was profoundly embarrassed by it [the White Australia policy] and did all I could to change it. Gough Whitlam (2001). oChanges to the Cit izenship Act ?Immigrants from the United Kingdom no longer took precedence over other Europeans and Asians oCommunity initiatives ?radio programs in community languages ?migrant education centres ?teacher exchange program with Italian government ?interpreters for emergency phone calls Public Benefit oEducation ?Establishment of the Australian Schools Commission ?Disadvantaged Schools Program ?Ã¢â¬Ëneeds-basedÃ¢â¬â¢ funding ?Expand the resources of poor schools ?Abolition of tertiary education school fees Government funding of tertiary education ?Increase from 9% (1960) to 42% (1975) oMedibank ?System of national health insurance ?Time-based payments vs. fee for service ?Break connection between healthcare and money ?Originally payed 85% of the medical bill oIncreased pensions ?25% of average adult weekly wage oPromotion of Ã¢â¬Ëthe ArtsÃ¢â¬â¢ ?Improved facilities and pay for artists (musicians, artists, dancers, actors etc. ) ? Australian Film Commission ?National Film and T elevision School ?Australian National Gallery oA program to bring sewerage to all urban areasNational Identity oNew Australian passports; no longer referred to as Ã¢â¬ËBritish subjectsÃ¢â¬â¢ oAustralian national anthem oAustralian Heritage Commission Question (b): Evaluate (make own judgement + facts) how important ONE of these changes has been to AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s development. Diplomatic Relations with China ?Whitlam believed that Australia were following the foreign policies of our allies for too long ? The cold war mentality was no longer relevant ?He saw the potential economic gains and advantages of a long term relationship with China ? Communist party took over China Guomindang re-established itself in Taiwan ?Many countries (including Australia) recognized the government in Taiwan as the official government of China ? Gough Whitlam wanted to form a relationship with communist China, as he believed that communism was not a threat ? The McMahon government refused to recogn ize the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of China ? In 1971, Whitlam (as Leader of the Opposition) visited China and promised Mao Zedong (the Chinese leader) that he would establish diplomatic relations with China, if he won the election the following year ?China became members of the United Nations in 1971, and throughout WhitlamÃ¢â¬â¢s prime ministership, Australia supported their representation. ?AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s recognition of China was a pivotal moment in our history. ?Economic Ã¢â¬â ?Australia had bonds with the largest economy of the world ? It gives us the boom in our resource industry ?Two-way trade was $113 million in 1972 ?In 1973, a Trade Agreement was signed, granting mutual Ã¢â¬Ëmost favoured nation statusÃ¢â¬â¢ ? It is now exceeding $105 billion (2011) ?Benefits for both countries ?Three underlying principles in the relationship: Mutual respect ?Recognition of differences ?Strong resolve to build on the interests we share ?Education Ã¢â¬â ?1972 Ã¢â¬â no Chine se students in Australia ?Present Ã¢â¬â 150 000 + Chinese students; biggest source of foreign students oPossible conclusion Ã¢â¬â In 1949, Australia and China were divided by political differences, however GoughÃ¢â¬â¢s Whitlam recognition of China in 1972 had resulted in 40 years of economic and social prosperity. Even though it involved the termination of the relationship with Taiwan, this major shift in foreign policy is praised for its long term successes.